Dr Adam Flakus

Associate Professor

Organismal Evolution and Interactions Group
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Lubicz 46, 31‑512 Kraków, Poland

ORCIDRGGoogle Scholar

Research interests

  • Evolution of tropical symbiotic systems involving fungi, algae and/or cyanobacteria.
  • Taxonomy and molecular phylogeny of lichen-forming and lichen-inhabiting fungi.
  • Diversity and the role of lichen-associated microbiome in lichen symbioses.
  • Evolution of host-parasite adaptations.
  • Interactions between symbionts along environmental gradient.
  • Evolutionary consequences of symbiosis in changing environment.
  • Lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungal biodiversity inventory in Bolivia.

Related websites

Higher education and employment history

  • MSc degree at the University of Opole (2003).
  • PhD degree at the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (2008).
  • Assistant professor at the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (2008–2019).
  • Habilitation at the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (2017).
  • Curator of Lichens at the Lichen Herbarium (KRAM L) of the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (since 2019).
  • Associate professor at the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (since 2020).

Membership and awards

  • Outstanding Master's Thesis Award from the Dean of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology, University of Opole (2003).
  • Outstanding PhD Dissertation Award from the Scientific Council of the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, PAS (2008).
  • Member of the Grupo Latino Americano de Liquenólogos (since 2008).
  • Member of the International Association for Lichenology (since 2012).
  • Editor-in-Chief of Plant and Fungal Systematics (since 2018).
  • Member of the Scientific Council of the IBPAS (since 2019).

International experience

  • Bolivia (2004, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019) – 6-month (in total) research stay; Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz.
  • Germany (2008) – 3-week research stay (Synthesys DE-TAF-4939), Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin.
  • Hungary (2008, 2009, 2010) – 4-week (in total) research stay + workshop; Institute of Ecology and Botany, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Vácrátót.
  • Argentina (2012) – 1-week research stay; Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Departamento de Botánica, San Carlos de Bariloche.
  • Finland (2012) – 2-week research stay; Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki.
  • Germany (2012, 2013, 2014) – 3-week (in total) research stay + training; Herbarium Senckenbergianum, Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt am Main.
  • USA (2017) – 1-week research stay + workshop; Department of Biology and Duke Herbarium, Duke University, Durham.
  • Malaysia, Borneo (2018) – 2-week research stay; Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ITBC), University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu.
  • Republic of South Africa (2019) – 2-week research stay; Department of Botany, University of Cape Town.

Research projects

  • Taxonomical diversity and distribution of lichens in the subnival belt of the Polish Tatra Mountains in relation to habitat types (2005–2007); grant no. 2P04G 078 29, State Committee for Scientific Research in Poland (KBN) – project leader.
  • Biodiversity of Bolivian Amazon on the basis of foliicolous lichens (2008–2011); grant no. N N303 345335; National Science Centre (NCN) – project leader.
  • Biological diversity of tropical South America: Bolivian lichens – a case study (2010–2013); grant no. 92/L–1/09; National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR); LIDER Programme – project leader.
  • Perspectives in lichenological research – biodiversity, lichen chemistry (2010–2014); grant no. OTKA-K 81232; Hungarian Scientific Research Fund – contractor.
  • Diversity, host specificity and evolutionary trends of lichenicolous fungi in the tropical Andes: an innovative study on symbiotic organisms in the global centre of biodiversity (2014–2017); grant no. 2013/11/D/NZ8/03274; National Science Centre (NCN) – project leader.
  • Collaborative research: filling the largest void of the fungal genealogy of life (the Pezizomycotina) and integrating symbiotic, environmental and physiological data layers (2015–2020); grant no. NSF-1541548; National Science Foundation – contractor.
  • Hidden genetic diversity in sterile crustose lichens in the Neotropical forests – an innovative case study in Bolivia, a hotspot of biodiversity (2016–2019); grant no. 2015/17/B/NZ8/02441; National Science Centre (NCN) – contractor.
  • Species delimitation and phylogeny of neotropical Lecanora s.l. (lichen-forming Ascomycota, Lecanoromycetes) from Bolivia based on multilocus and phenotypic data (2017–2019); grant no. 2016/21/B/NZ8/02463; National Science Centre (NCN) – contractor.

Recent publications (selected)

Crous P.W., Osieck E.R., Shivas R.G., Tan Y.P., Bishop-Hurley S.L., Esteve-Raventós F., Larsson E., Luangsa-ard J.J., Pancorbo F., Balashov S., Baseia I.G., Boekhout T., Chandranayaka S., Cowan D.A., Cruz R.H.S.F., Czachura P., De la Peña-Lastra S., Dovana F., Drury B., Fell J., Flakus A., Fotedar R., Jurjević Ž., Kolecka A., Mack J., Maggs-Kölling G., Mahadevakumar S., Mateos A., Mongkolsamrit S., Noisripoom W., Plaza M., Overy D.P., Piątek M., Sandoval-Denis M., Vauras J., Wingfield M.J., Abell S.E., Ahmadpour A., Akulov A., Alavi F., Alavi Z., Altes A., Alvarado P., Anand G., Ashtekar N., Assyov B., Banc-Prandi G., Barbosa K.D., Barreto G.G., Bellanger J.-M., Bezerra J.L., Bhat D.J., Bilanski P., Bose T., Bozok F., Chaves J., Costa-Rezende D.H., Danteswari C., Darmostuk V., Delgado G., Denman S., Eichmeier A., Etayo J., Eyssartier G., Faulwetter S., Ganga K.G.G., Ghosta Y., Goh J., Góis J.S., Gramaje D., Granit L., Groenewald M., Gulden G., Gusmão L.F.P., Hammerbacher A., Heidarian Z., Hywel-Jones N., Jankowiak R., Kaliyaperumal M., Kaygusuz O., Kezo K., Khonsanit A., Kumar S., Kuo C.H., Læssøe T., Latha K.P.D., Loizides M., Luo S.M., Maciá-Vicente J.G., Manimohan P., Marbach P.A.S., Marinho P., Marney T.S., Marques G., Martín M.P., Miller A.N., Mondello F., Moreno G., Mufeeda K.T., Mun H.Y., Nau T., Nkomo T., Okrasińska A., Oliveira J.P.A.F., Oliveira R.L., Ortiz D.A., Pawłowska J., Pérez-De-Gregorio M.À., Podile A.R., Portugal A., Privitera N., Rajeshkumar K.C., Rauf I., Rian B., Rigueiro-Rodríguez A., Rivas-Torres G.F., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Romero-Gordillo M., Saar I., Saba M., Santos C.D., Sarma P.V.S.R.N., Siquier J.L., Sleiman S., Spetik M., Sridhar K.R., Stryjak-Bogacka M., Szczepańska K., Taşkın H., Tennakoon D.S., Thanakitpipattana D., Trovao J., Türkekul İ., van Iperen A.L., van ’t Hof P., Vasquez G., Visagie C.M., Wingfield B.D., Wong P.T.W., Yang W.X., Yarar M., Yarden O., Yilmaz N., Zhang N., Zhu Y.N., Groenewald J.Z. 2023. Fungal Planet description sheets: 1478–1549. Persoonia 50: 158–310. DOI

Kukwa M., Kosecka M., Jabłońska A., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Guzow-Krzemińska B. 2023. Pseudolepraria, a new leprose genus revealed in Ramalinaceae (Ascomycota, Lecanoromycetes, Lecanorales) to accommodate Lepraria stephaniana. MycoKeys 96: 97–112. DOI

Kukwa M., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Aptroot A., Flakus A. 2023. Two new species of Astrothelium from Sud Yungas in Bolivia and the first discovery of vegetative propagules in the family Trypetheliaceae (lichen-forming Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota). MycoKeys 95: 83–100. DOI

Diederich P., Millanes A.M., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Etayo J., Wedin M. 2022. Class Cystobasidiomycetes, order Cyphobasidiales. In: P. Diederich., A.M. Millanes, M. Wedin, J.D. Lawrey (eds.). Flora of Lichenicolous Fungi, Vol. 1, Basidiomycota. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg: 305–324.

Diederich P., Millanes A.M., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Etayo J., Wedin M. 2022. Class Tremellomycetes, order Filobasidiales. In: P. Diederich., A.M. Millanes, M. Wedin, J.D. Lawrey (eds.). Flora of Lichenicolous Fungi, Vol. 1, Basidiomycota. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg: 83–104.

Kosecka M., Kukwa M., Jabłońska A., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Ptach Ł., Guzow-Krzemińska B. 2022. Phylogeny and ecology of Trebouxia photobionts from Bolivian lichens. Frontiers in Microbiology 13: 779784. DOI

Ossowska E.A., Moncada B., Kukwa M., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Olszewska S., Lücking R. 2022. New species of Sticta (lichenised Ascomycota, lobarioid Peltigeraceae) from Bolivia suggest a high level of endemism in the Central Andes. MycoKeys 92: 131–160. DOI

Wijayawardene N.N., Phillips A.J.L., Santos Pereira D., Dai D.-Q., Aptroot A., Monteiro J.S., Druzhinina I.S., Cai F., Fan X., Selbmann L., Coleine C., Castañeda‑Ruiz R.F., Kukwa M., Flakus A., Fiuza P.O., Kirk P.M., Kumar K.C.R., Ileperuma Arachchi I.S., Suwannarach N., Tang L.-Z., Boekhout T., Tan C.S., Jayasinghe R.P.P.K., Thines M. 2022. Forecasting the number of species of asexually reproducing fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota). Fungal Diversity 114: 463–490. DOI

Medeiros I.D., Mazur E., Miadlikowska J., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Pardo-De la Hoz C.J., Cieślak E., Śliwa L., Lutzoni F. 2021. Turnover of lecanoroid mycobionts and their Trebouxia photobionts along an elevation gradient in Bolivia highlights the role of environment in structuring the lichen symbiosis. Frontiers in Microbiology 12: 774839. DOI

Kosecka M., Jabłońska A., Flakus A., Rodriguez‐Flakus P., Kukwa M., Guzow‐Krzemińska B. 2020. Trentepohlialean algae (Trentepohliales, Ulvophyceae) show preference to selected mycobiont lineages in lichen symbioses. Journal of Phycology 56: 979–993. DOI

Miranda-González R., Aptroot A., Lücking R., Flakus A., Barcenas-Peña A., de los Ángeles Herrera-Campos M. 2020. The identity, ecology and distribution of Polypyrenula (Ascomycota: Dothideomycetes): a new member of Trypetheliaceae revealed by molecular and anatomical data. The Lichenologist 52: 27–35. DOI

Piątek M., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Domic A., Palabral-Aquilera A.N., Gómez M.I., Flakus A. 2020. Phylogenetic placement of Leptosphaeria polylepidis, a pathogen of Andean endemic Polylepis tarapacana, and its newly discovered mycoparasite Sajamaea mycophila gen. et sp. nov. Mycological Progress 19: 1–14. DOI

Wijayawardene N.N., Hyde K.D., Al-Ani L.K.T., Tedersoo L., Haelewaters D., Rajeshkumar K.C., Zhao R.L., Aptroot A., Leontyev D.V., Saxena R.K., Tokarev Y.S., Dai D.Q., Letcher P.M., Stephenson S.L., Ertz D., Lumbsch H.T., Kukwa M., Issi I.V., Madrid H., Phillips A.J.L., Selbmann L., Pfliegler W.P., Horváth E., Bensch K., Kirk P.M., Kolaříková K., Raja H.A., Radek R., Papp V., Dima B., Ma J., Malosso E., Takamatsu S., Rambold G., Gannibal P.B., Triebel D., Gautam A.K., Avasthi S., Suetrong S., Timdal E., Fryar S.C., Delgado G., Réblová M., Doilom M., Dolatabadi S., Pawłowska J.Z., Humber R.A., Kodsueb R., Sánchez-Castro I., Goto B.T., Silva D.K.A., de Souza F.A., Oehl F., da Silva G.A., Silva I.R., Błaszkowski J., Jobim K., Maia L.C., Barbosa F.R., Fiuza P.O., Divakar P.K., Shenoy B.D., Castañeda-Ruiz R.F., Somrithipol S., Lateef A.A., Karunarathna S.C., Tibpromma S., Mortimer P.E., Wanasinghe D.N., Phookamsak R., Xu J., Wang Y., Tian F., Alvarado P., Li D.W., Kušan I., Matočec N., Mešić A., Tkalčec Z., Maharachchikumbura S.S.N., Papizadeh M., Heredia G., Wartchow F., Bakhshi M., Boehm E., Youssef N., Hustad V.P., Lawrey J.D., Santiago A.L.C.M.A., Bezerra J.D.P., Souza-Motta C.M., Firmino A.L., Tian Q., Houbraken J., Hongsanan S., Tanaka K., Dissanayake A.J., Monteiro J.S., Grossart H.P., Suija A., Weerakoon G., Etayo J., Tsurykau A., Vázquez V., Mungai P., Damm U., Li Q.R., Zhang H., Boonmee S., Lu Y.Z., Becerra A.G., Kendrick B., Brearley F.Q., Motiejūnaitė J., Sharma B., Khare R., Gaikwad S., Wijesundara D.S.A., Tang L.Z., He M.Q., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Zhurbenko M.P., McKenzie E.H.C., Stadler M., Bhat D.J., Liu J.K., Raza M., Jeewon R., Nassonova E.S., Prieto M., Jayalal R.G.U., Erdoğdu M., Yurkov A., Schnittler M., Shchepin O.N., Novozhilov Y.K., Silva-Filho A.G.S., Gentekaki E., Liu P., Cavender J.C., Kang Y., Mohammad S., Zhang L.F., Xu R.F., Li Y.M., Dayarathne M.C., Ekanayaka A.H., Wen T.C., Deng C.Y., Pereira O.L., Navathe S., Hawksworth D.L., Fan X.L., Dissanayake L.S., Kuhnert E., Grossart H.P., Thines M. 2020. Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphere 11: 1060–1456. DOI

Flakus A., Etayo J., Miadlikowska J., Lutzoni F., Kukwa M., Matura N., Rodriguez-Flakus P. 2019. Biodiversity assessment of ascomycetes inhabiting Lobariella lichens in Andean cloud forests led to one new family, three new genera and 13 new species of lichenicolous fungi. Plant and Fungal Systematics 64: 283–344. DOI

Flakus A., Etayo J., Pérez-Ortega S., Kukwa M., Palice Z., Rodriguez-Flakus P. 2019. A new genus, Zhurbenkoa, and a novel nutritional mode revealed in the family Malmideaceae (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota). Mycologia 111: 593–611. DOI

Guzow-Krzemińska B., Flakus A., Kosecka M., Jabłońska A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Kukwa M. 2019. New species and records of lichens from Bolivia. Phytotaxa 397: 257–279. DOI

Guzow-Krzemińska B., Jabłońska A., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Kosecka M., Kukwa M. 2019. Phylogenetic placement of Lepraria cryptovouauxii sp. nov. (Lecanorales, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota) with notes on other Lepraria species from South America. MycoKeys 53: 1–22. DOI

Etayo J., Flakus A., Kukwa M. 2018. Three new lichenicolous species of the genus Plectocarpon (Ascomycota: Lecanographaceae) discovered in the Bolivian Andes. Phytotaxa 357: 275–283. DOI

Zamora J.C., Svensson M., Kirschner R., Olariaga I., Ryman S., Parra L.A., Geml J., Rosling A., Adamčík S., Ahti T., Aime M.C., Ainsworth A.M., Albert L., Albertó E., Altés García A., Ageev D., Agerer R., Aguirre-Hudson B., Ammirati J., Andersson H., Angelini C., Antonín V., Aoki T., Aptroot A., Argaud D., Arguello Sosa B.I., Aronsen A., Arup U., Asgari B., Assyov B., Atienza V., Bandini D., Baptista-Ferreira J.L., Baral H.O., Baroni T., Barreto R.W., Beker H., Bell A., Bellanger J.M., Bellù F., Bemmann M., Bendiksby M., Bendiksen E., Bendiksen K., Benedek L., Bérešová-Guttová A., Berger F., Berndt R., Bernicchia A., Biketova A.Y., Bizio E., Bjork C., Boekhout T., Boertmann D., Böhning T., Boittin F., Boluda C.G., Boomsluiter M.W., Borovička J., Brandrud T.E., Braun U., Brodo I., Bulyonkova T., Burdsall Jr. H.H., Buyck B., Burgaz A.R., Calatayud V., Callac P., Campo E., Candusso M., Capoen B., Carbó J., Carbone M., Castañeda-Ruiz R.F., Castellano M.A., Chen J., Clerc P., Consiglio G., Corriol G., Courtecuisse R., Crespo A., Cripps C., Crous P.W., da Silva G.A., da Silva M., Dam M., Dam N., Dämmrich F., Das K., Davies L., De Crop E., De Kesel A., De Lange R., De Madrignac Bonzi B., dela Cruz T.E.E., Delgat L., Demoulin V., Desjardin D.E., Diederich P., Dima B., Dios M.M., Divakar P.K., Douanla-Meli C., Douglas B., Drechsler-Santos E.R., Dyer P.S., Eberhardt U., Ertz D., Esteve-Raventós F., Etayo Salazar J.A., Evenson V., Eyssartier G., Farkas E., Favre A., Fedosova A.G., Filippa M., Finy P., Flakus A., Fos S., Fournier J., Fraiture A., Franchi P., Franco Molano A.E., Friebes G., Frisch A., Fryday A., Furci G., Galán Márquez R., Garbelotto M., García-Martín J.M., García Otálora M.A., García Sánchez D., Gardiennet A., Garnica S., Garrido Benavent I., Gates G., Gerlach A.C.L., Ghobad-Nejhad M., Gibertoni T.B., Grebenc T., Greilhuber I., Grishkan B., Groenewald J.Z., Grube M., Gruhn G., Gueidan C., Gulden G., Gusmão L.F.P., Hafellner J., Hairaud M., Halama M., Hallenberg N., Halling R.E., Hansen K., Harder C.B., Heilmann-Clausen J., Helleman S., Henriot A., Hernandez-Restrepo M., Herve R., Hobart C., Hoffmeister M., Høiland K., Holec J., Holien H., Hughes K., Hubka V., Huhtinen S., Ivančevi B., Jagers M., Jaklitsch W., Jansen A.E., Jayawardena R.S., Jeppesen T.S., Jeppson M., Johnston P., Jørgensen P.M., Kärnefelt I., Kalinina L.B., Kantvilas G., Karadelev M., Kasuya T., Kautmanová I., Kerrigan R.W., Kirchmair M., Kiyashko A., Knapp D.G., Knudsen H., Knudsen K., Knutsson T., Kolařík M., Kõljalg U., Košuthová A., Koszka A., Kotiranta H., Kotkova V., Koukol O., Kout J., Kovács G.M., Kříž M., Kruys Å., Kučera V., Kudzma L., Kuhar F., Kukwa M., Kumar T.K.A., Kunca V., Kušan I., Kuyper T.W., Lado C., Læssøe T., Lainé P., Langer E., Larsson E., Larsson K.H., Laursen G., Lechat C., Lee S., Lendemer J.C., Levin L., Lindemann U., Lindström H., Liu X., Llarena Hernandez R.C., Llop E., Locsmándi C., Lodge D.J., Loizides M., Lőkös L., Luangsa-ard J., Lüderitz M., Lumbsch T., Lutz M., Mahoney D., Malysheva E., Malysheva V., Manimohan P., Marin-Felix Y., Marques G., Martínez-Gil R., Marson G., Mata G., Matheny P.B., Mathiassen G.H., Matočec N., Mayrhofer H., Mehrabi M., Melo I., Meši A., Methven A.S., Miettinen O., Millanes Romero A.M., Miller A.N., Mitchell J.K., Moberg R., Moreau P.A., Moreno G., Morozova O., Morte A., Muggia L., Muñoz González G., Myllys L., Nagy I., Nagy L.G., Neves M.A., Niemelä T., Nimis P.L., Niveiro N., Noordeloos M.E., Nordin A., Noumeur S.R., Novozhilov Y., Nuytinck J., Ohenoja E., Oliveira Fiuza P., Orange A., Ordynets A., Ortiz-Santana B., Pacheco L., Pál-Fám F., Palacio M., Palice Z., Papp V., Pärtel K., Pawlowska J., Paz A., Peintner U., Pennycook S., Pereira O.L., Pérez Daniëls P., Pérez-De-Gregorio Capella M.À., Pérez del Amo C.M., Pérez Gorjón S., Pérez-Ortega S., Pérez-Vargas I., Perry B.A., Petersen J.H., Petersen R.H., Pfister D.H., Phukhamsakda C., Piątek M., Piepenbring M., Pino-Bodas R., Pinzón Esquivel J.P., Pirot P., Popov E.S., Popoff O., Prieto Álvaro M., Printzen C., Psurtseva N., Purahong W., Quijada L., Rambold G., Ramírez N.A., Raja H., Raspé O., Raymundo T., Réblová M., Rebriev Y.A., Reyes García J.D., Ribes Ripoll M.A., Richard F., Richardson M.J., Rico V.J., Robledo G.L., Rodrigues Barbosa F., Rodriguez-Caycedo C., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Ronikier A., Rubio Casas L., Rusevska K., Saar G., Saar I., Salcedo I., Salcedo Martínez S.M., Salvador Montoya C.A., Sánchez Ramírez S., Sandoval-Sierra J.V., Santamaria S., Santana Monteiro J., Schroers H.J., Schulz B., Schmidt-Stohn G., Schumacher T., Senn-Irlet B., Ševčíková H., Shchepin O., Shirouzu T., Shiryaev A., Siepe K., Sir E.B., Sohrabi M., Soop K., Spirin V., Spribille T., Stadler M., Stalpers J., Stenroos S., Suija A., Sunhede S., Svantesson S., Svensson S., Svetasheva T.Yu., Świerkosz K., Tamm H., Taskin H., Taudière A., Tedebrand J.-O., Tena Lahoz R., Temina M., Thell A., Thines M., Thor G., Thüs H., Tibell L., Tibell S., Timdal E., Tkalčec Z., Tønsberg T., Trichies G., Triebel D., Tsurykau A., Tulloss R.E., Tuovinen V., Ulloa Sosa M., Urcelay C., Valade F., Valenzuela Garza R., van den Boom P., Van Vooren N., Vasco-Palacios A.M., Vauras J., Velasco Santos J.M., Vellinga E., Verbeken A., Vetlesen P., Vizzini A., Voglmayr H., Volobuev S., von Brackel W., Voronina E., Walther G., Watling R., Weber E., Wedin M., Weholt Ø., Westberg M., Yurchenko E., Zehnálek P., Zhang H., Zhurbenko M.P., Ekman S. 2018. Considerations and consequences of allowing DNA sequence data as types of fungal taxa. IMA Fungus 9: 167–175. DOI

Rodriguez-Flakus P., Flakus A. 2017. Líquenes y hongos liquenícolas del valle de La Paz. In: M.I. Moya, R.I. Meneses, J. Sarmiento (eds.). Historia natural del valle de La Paz. Tercera Edición. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, La Paz: 125–132.

Wei X., Schmitt I., Hodkinson B., Flakus A., Kukwa M., Divakar P.K., Kirika P.M., Otte J., Meiser A., Lumbsch H.T. 2017. Circumscription of the genus Lepra, a recently resurrected genus to accommodate the "Variolaria"-group of Pertusaria sensu lato (Pertusariales, Ascomycota). PLoS ONE 12: e0180284. DOI

Wilk K., Flakus A. 2017. Eight Caloplaca species newly recorded from Bolivia, including C. crocina comb. nov. Mycotaxon 132: 125–140. DOI

Ahti T., Pino-Bodas R., Flakus A., Stenroos S. 2016. Additions to the global diversity of Cladonia. The Lichenologist 48: 517–526. DOI

Farkas E., Flakus A. 2016. Trichonectria calopadiicola sp. nov. (Hypocreales, Ascomycota): the second species of the family Bionectriaceae parasitic on foliicolous lichens discovered in Tanzania. Phytotaxa 278: 281–286. DOI

Flakus A., Kukwa M., Aptroot A. 2016. Trypetheliaceae of Bolivia: an updated checklist with descriptions of twenty-four new species. Lichenologist 48: 661–692. DOI

Kanigowski P., Flakus A., Oset M., Kowalewska A., Rykaczewki M., Kukwa M. 2016. The lichen family Parmeliaceae in Poland. Xanthoparmelia species containing usnic acid. Herzogia 29: 108–119. DOI

Knudsen K., Flakus A. 2016. The identity of Acarospora xanthophana (Fungi: Ascomycota) and a description of A. congregata sp. nov. to accommodate a widely distributed saxicolous species occurring in the higher elevations of South America. Taxon 65: 146–151. DOI